Room Temperature Ingredients Make a Difference

muffins in a muffin pan with text overlay that says room temperature ingredients make a difference

Here we go again, bakers! A new post in my baking basics series.

While traveling and meeting you on my book tour these past few months, I’ve learned two things. (1) You cannot take a jar of peanut butter through security. They will confiscate it. And (2) many of you– not only in person but also in comments, emails, social media, etc–  have told me that you LOVE learning about the science, background, whys, and why nots in baking. Why some ingredients work, why others do not. The particular methods for particular recipes and why they are used. I’m fascinated by it all too! So that’s why I’m focusing on a few new topics in this baking basics series, including today’s crucial rule.

I’m the most impatient person on this planet, but something I always treat with patience is baking. You can’t rush baking. You can’t speed up cookie dough chilling, the chocolate setting, or the cheesecake evenly firming. You can’t rush French macarons or skip a dough proofing step. And you absolutely can’t ignore the need for room temperature ingredients by using straight-from-the-fridge instead.

Certain recipes call for ingredients like eggs, yogurt, cream cheese, butter, and/or milk to be at room temperature but many people ignore this step. No! Don’t! Room temperature isn’t listed next to ingredients for fun. There’s science and legitimate reason behind the importance of temperature. Which brings me to my top baking rule: if a recipe calls for room temperature ingredients, use room temperature ingredients. There is no way around this and if you use, say, cold butter or cold eggs when they should be room temperature– your recipe won’t live up to its potential. And it most certainly won’t taste the way it should.

cake batter in a metal bowl with a spatula

Why Is Room Temperature Important?

When at room temperature, eggs, butter, and other dairy ingredients form an emulsion which traps air. While baking in the oven, that trapped air expands and produces a fluffy baked good. For example: a light-textured cake or a tender cupcake. Not only this, room temperature ingredients bond together very easily since they’re warmer, creating a seamless and evenly textured batter. A smooth batter = a uniformly textured baked good. Cold ingredients do not incorporate together as easily. Or even at all! This results in clumpy frosting, chunky cheesecake, dense cookies, flat breads and muffins, etc.

In other words, complete recipe failures.

3 sticks of butter

Room Temperature Butter

A lot of recipes start with room temperature butter creamed with sugar. Creaming just means that the two are beaten together until light, white, and creamy. When you think about it, sugar is nothing but a billion little jagged-edged (and delicious!) crystals. When beaten with butter, their edges dig out little air pockets in the butter. If your butter is too cold because you just took it out of the fridge or only gave it 10 minutes to soften, the sugar crystals can’t claw their way through the hard butter. No trapped air, no light and airy baked good.

If the butter is at its magic room temperature, the sugar effectively aerates the butter during that creaming process. The baking powder and/or soda helps expand those little air pockets the creaming process created and your finished baked good is light! Tender! Fluffy! Just as it should be because you followed the rules with the MAGIC that is room temperature butter.

And the same goes for room temperature butter in buttercream frostings. How can you start a beautifully creamy and fluffy frosting with cold butter? And the same for cream cheese frosting– with cold cream cheese? You can’t! The resulting frosting will be clumpy. It’s not pretty and chunks of butter or cream cheese in your frosting certainly isn’t appetizing.

When butter is at room temperature, you should be able to press your finger into it and make an indent easily, without your finger sliding anywhere. Firm, but not cold. Lightly softened without being greasy or melty in the slightest. Here’s a photo:

stick of softened butter

How to bring butter to room temperature: no rocket science here! Simply take the butter out of the refrigerator 1 hour before beginning your recipe. No ifs, ands, or buts. Sometimes I put the butter on a plate near my oven if I’m using the oven for something else– even just a little heat helps speed it up. If you try to use the microwave to soften that butter, be extremely careful as the slightest bit of melted butter can ruin your entire creaming process. Try slicing the stick of butter into 8 equal pieces (8 Tablespoons), placing on a plate, and microwaving for 2 seconds. Stop. 2 seconds more. Stop. But I urge you to just do it the old school way. The one where patience is needed. The microwave is one risky method.

eggs

Room Temperature Eggs

It’s also super imperative for eggs to be at room temperature when the recipe calls for it. A lot of this is because of air bubbles again. When you beat or whisk an egg, the egg’s protein traps the air bubbles. And while baking, the bubbles expand in the heat of the oven. And, again, air bubbles expanding = lighter textured baked good. Air trapping is at its peak when the eggs are at room temperature. Ever notice that it’s much quicker to whip, beat, or whisk eggs when they’re room temperature? They come together so much easier and actually whip to a higher volume! That’s because they’re more loose, for lack of better words.

The whole air trapping business isn’t the only reason why we use room temperature eggs in baked goods. Adding cold eggs to a room temperature fat (like creamed butter and sugar) could shock, harden, and curdle that fat. This would ruin the creamed mixture, the entire base of your recipe. If you bake the recipe with this ruined creamed mixture, you’ll have a bunch of little holes in your cupcakes from the hardened butter pieces. Don’t sabotage your recipe!

How to bring eggs to room temperature: It’s easy! Simply place the eggs in a bowl of warm water for 10-15 minutes. I usually do this while I’m getting other ingredients ready. Do not use piping hot water– you don’t want to cook those eggs.

milk in a glass measuring cup

Room Temperature Yogurt, Cream Cheese, Milk, Etc

A lot of cake, cupcake, or bread recipes starting with room temperature butter call for other dairy ingredients like milk, cream, yogurt, etc. The emulsion begins with the butter, sugar, and eggs but it doesn’t stop there. It continues with the rest of the ingredients. To keep your batter smooth and the emulsification seamless, make sure the rest of the recipe ingredients are room temperature as well. Like in my recent yogurt bars = all room temperature. Or in cakes, cupcakes, breads, everything!

Good rule of thumb: if the recipe calls for room temperature or melted butter, the rest of the ingredients should be room temperature as well unless otherwise specified.

How to bring these ingredients to room temperature: no shortcuts here. Simply take these ingredients out of the refrigerator when you take out the butter to soften, about 1 hour before beginning the recipe.

Blueberry muffins on white plate

Here are the blueberry streusel muffins pictured today.

I’ve said it a billion times and I’ll say it again: when it comes to baking, it pays off to be a perfectionist. Pay attention to temperature. Temperature is a reason your recipe will or won’t turn out. Always follow the recipe. Do you understand the importance of room temperature ingredients now? Hope so!

Further reading:

122 Comments

  1. My house is always 65 degrees Fahrenheit. This makes it difficult to have “room temperature” ingredients. I put my butter out the night before I bake usually, and it still does not give with the way it should at room temp. Still fairy stiff. Not cold, but very solid still. I end up having to use the microwave, but it’s so hard to not melt it. Eggs I can put out for a few hours and they’re still chilly to the touch.

    1. Usually in winter I put my oven on Warm just for a few minutes, then I turn it off. I make sure that it’s warm without being “melted butter” hot, then I put the ingredients in there instead. I use the same strategy for proofing bread.

  2. I’ve been trying some older cookie recipes and came out flat. It dosent say room temperature anywhere and came out flat as wafers. Should I try this rule to redo all ingredients at room temp? I also have more recipies that dont say anything, just old written recipes from great grandmother.
    Thanks

    1. Hi Linda, Yes I recommend it! I also have a separate post on Tips to Prevent Cookies from Spreading that you might find helpful when trying your great grandmother’s recipes!

  3. Hi Sally,
    My 9 year old daughter would like to use this article as part of her research in her science fair project. (she tested whether or not the starting temperature of the butter in a cookies recipe affects the cookies). Is there anyway you can send me a print-friendly version of your article?
    Thank you!!

    1. Hi Jessica! Feel free to email me directly about this: [email protected]

  4. Hello Sally ,
    My kitchen always shows 29-32 degrees Celsius,. What is the room temperature of yours

    1. Hi Ramya, My home is much cooler! We keep the temperature around 20-21 degrees celsius (69-70 degrees F). For example, room temperature butter is cool to touch and about 65°F (18°C). You can read more about it in the post Here’s What Room Temperature Butter Really Means.

  5. I have noticed that different brands of butter are softer at room temperature than others.

  6. If I want to cool the dough to help stiffen a loose dough, will that take away from eggs being at room temperature when baking?

  7. Can this cake recipe be used for other fruits such as peaches?

    1. Hi Lois, Which exact cake are you referring to that you are hoping to use peaches?

      1. My apologies. The cake recipe for your pineapple upside down cake.

      2. My apologies. I was wondering if the cake in the pineapple cake recipe could be used for a peach upside down cake.
        Thank you

  8. Eliza Willingham says:

    Biscuits want cold butter, flour, and milk. And you can chill the dough before cutting out if you get side-tracked. Cookies like snickerdoodles recommend refrigeration as do the old “refrigerator cookies.”

  9. Lorraine Thatcher says:

    Hi Sally,I made your flaky pastry the night before and put it into the fridge as recommended. When I took it out the next morning, it was rock hard and I had to wait until it was able to be rolled out!

    What have I done wrong?

    By the way, I love your recipes!

    Lorraine Thatcher (Australia)

    1. Hi Lorraine! Thank you so much. Which recipe?

      1. Lorraine Thatcher says:

        Homemade Buttery Flaky Pie Crust. Also, I had a disaster as my pastry shrunk for your beautiful Lemon Meringue Pie and the pie filling didn’t thicken!

        I really mucked this one up!

  10. Can I use buttermilk in your cranberry orange bread that I left out overnight? My instant read thermometer reads it at 60 degrees. I kept it in a cold room that’s not insulated near the garage.

  11. I helped my husband make a batch of cookies as Xmas presents for some coworkers and I let the butter sit out too long. The cookies were flat,still tasted fine though lol Since covid has happened,I have dabbled in some baking.Thus far, muffins are my biggest success I am going to attempt to do sugar cookies next week and use a buttercream icing that hardens. I used royal icing last yr and it was terrible, the cookies could’ve been on Nailed it lol I really enjoy your site.

  12. Richard Stoehr says:

    Our chocolate chip cookies have been coming out very flat and the spread out. I tested the baking soda with lemon juice and it is good. Only thing I can think of is maybe butter is to soft or eggs to warm. Wife usually takes butter and eggs out of refrigerator and sets them on a plate on counter anywhere from 6 to 8 hours before she uses them. Our kitchen is 69 to 70 F, so guessing this is her problem. I check oven temperature and it varies no more than about 6 degrees either way from the set temperature. I used a oven temperature gauge and also I used a blue tooth oven temperature probe. Both showed the same thing, that the oven temperature only varied about 6 degrees of the preset temperature. I also check the timer on range and it is good when compared to an iPhone or Alexa.

    1. Lexi @ Sally's Baking Addiction says:

      Hi Richard, it sounds like your butter is a bit too warm. You typically only need about 1-2 hours (depending on the temperature of your kitchen) to bring your butter to room temperature — more on that here. You also might find our post on 5 Cookie Baking Tips to Improve Your Next Batch helpful. See #2 there for tips on preventing excess spreading. Hope this helps!

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