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These 9 crucial baking tips help prevent a dry or dense cake. Applying these lessons in your kitchen helps promise a soft and moist cake!

6 inch chocolate cake on a teal cake stand with a slice on a cake server

Dense. A cake crumb’s enemy.

Dry. A cake crumb’s nemesis. 

Dry or overly dense cakes have absolutely no room in this world. However far too often, a seemingly innocent looking cake can fall victim to one or both of these texture tragedies. It’s happened approximately 3,520,958x to me and I’m always working to save my cake (and myself!) from the dense or dry cake catastrophe again.

There are ways to prevent and avoid these unfavorable textures. I’ve been practicing with cake recipes for several years and have learned a lot in the process. Most of the time I can look at a recipe and predict the texture outcome. But sometimes I’m not that lucky, so I wrote 9 crucial lessons that will help us the next time we’re baking a from-scratch cake.

I promise you SOFT & MOIST cakes!

1. Use Cake Flour

Reach for cake flour instead of all-purpose flour. Cake flour is a low protein flour that’s milled into a superfine consistency. This soft, tender texture directly translates into your cake. However, this isn’t an ALL or NOTHING rule. Some recipes simply cannot withstand cake flour’s fine consistency. Chocolate cake, for example, already has cocoa powder– which is a soft dry ingredient and takes the place of some flour in the recipe. More often than not, the combination of cake flour and cocoa powder results in a flimsy cake. Likewise, carrot cake and banana cake contain additional wet ingredients (the fruits or veggies), so cake flour isn’t ideal because it’s not strong enough.

However, when making vanilla cake, white cake, red velvet cake, vanilla cupcakes, and other cakes/cupcakes where a fluffy texture is favorable, try using cake flour. I’ve also been successful substituting cake flour for all-purpose flour to create softer pineapple upside-down cake and funfetti cake. (Make a 1:1 substitution with no other changes to the recipe. My pineapple upside down cake recipe has been updated to include it!)

Swans Down and Softasilk are my preferred cake flour brands (not sponsored!). I use unbleached when I can find it, otherwise I just stick with bleached. Both brands provide quality results for a decent price. Find cake flour in the baking aisle next to the all-purpose flour. If you can’t get your hands on cake flour, use this cake flour substitute.

homemade cake flour substitute in measuring cup

2. Add Sour Cream

To help prevent a dry, dense cake, let’s add a creamy and light wet ingredient. Milk is usually required in a cake recipe to thin out the batter and lighten up the crumb, but sour cream is often overlooked. In addition to milk, add a Tablespoon or 2 of sour cream. Of course this depends on the recipe, but you’ll find that a lot of my cake recipes call for sour cream. Don’t underestimate the power of this ingredient! I even add it to my classic cheesecake, cheesecake pie, and no-bake cheesecake recipes. Plain yogurt is a fine substitution.

3. Room Temperature Butter / Don’t Over-Cream

I sound like a broken record on this one, especially if you’re a regular SBA reader. But when a recipe calls for room temperature butter, use room temperature butter. Most cakes begin with creaming butter and sugar together. Butter is capable of holding air and the creaming process is when butter traps that air. While baking, that trapped air expands and produces a fluffy cake. No properly creamed butter = no air = no fluffiness. Aka a dense cake.

But let’s say your butter was at the proper room temperature. You began creaming it with sugar, but then left the mixer running. There’s a big chance your butter and sugar will over-cream, meaning the butter will trap more air than it should. As the batter bakes, that extra air will deflate and leave you with an overly dense cake. It’s all science!

For best results, cream butter and sugar together for about 1-2 minutes.

Additionally, the cake recipe may call for room temperature sour cream, milk, and/or eggs. Make sure they’re each at room temperature. Room temperature ingredients bond together easier and quicker since they’re warmer– thus reducing over-mixing. Over-mixing = dense cake. (See tip #6.)

4. Add a Touch of Baking Powder or Baking Soda

When a cake is too dense, one might think that adding extra flour will soak up more moisture and lighten up the crumb. However, that’s not usually the case. The cake likely needs more leavening support from baking powder or baking soda. This tip isn’t exactly a cakewalk (ha!) because these two ingredients are scientifically particular. If a recipe includes a lot of acid such as lemon juice and buttermilk and isn’t lifted with enough baking powder, the cake will taste dense. In that case, you may need the addition of baking soda which will react with the acid and create a fluffier crumb. Depending on the recipe, adding more baking powder or soda could leave a bitter aftertaste… so don’t go overboard.

This depends on the recipe, but I generally use around 1/4 teaspoon of baking soda per 1 cup of flour or 1 teaspoon of baking powder per 1 cup of flour. Remember the differences in baking powder vs baking soda and why we use both in some recipes?

baking powder with a teaspoon

5. Add Oil

The ratio of wet to dry ingredients determines a cake’s moisture level. If there’s simply too much flour and not enough butter, a cake will taste dry. On the other hand, if there’s too much milk and not enough flour, a cake will taste too wet. Finding the right balance between wet and dry ingredients is key. If you notice that a cake tastes too dry, add a little oil the next time you make it. My strawberry shortcake cake kept tasting a little too dry no matter what I did, so I added 2 Tablespoons of vegetable oil to the batter. It’s so moist!

Some cakes use oil instead of butter. This is because there’s another flavorful ingredient in the recipe and butter’s flavor isn’t necessary. See my carrot cake and pumpkin cake.

6. Don’t Over-Mix

As mentioned in tip #3, over-mixing cake batter produces too much air. That trapped air expands then deflates in the oven. A deflated cake is a dense cake! Only mix the wet and dry ingredients together JUST until combined. I usually run a whisk or spatula through the batter a couple times at the very end to ensure there are no large lumps at the bottom of the bowl. Whether you’re using a mixer or mixing by hand, don’t over-mix.

7. Don’t Over-Bake

If you’re looking for a dry cake, simply over-bake it!

In all seriousness though, over-baking cakes dry them out. It could only be a 30 second window between perfectly baked and over-baked, so make sure you’re keeping an eye on the cake. Begin checking it 1-2 minutes before the recipe instructs.

Use these as indicators that your cake is done:

  • Cake should be very slightly pulling away from the side of the pan.
  • A toothpick inserted in the center of the cake will come out clean or with a couple lightly moist crumbs.
  • Gently press down on the cake. If the cake bounces back completely, it’s done. If your finger left a dent in the cake, it needs more time.

8. Brush With Simple Syrup/Other Liquid

When things go totally awry and you have a dry cake on your hands, all is not lost. A quick brush of simple syrup adds moisture. When the cake has completely cooled, brush a thin layer of simple syrup on top. Instead of simple syrup, you can even use Sprite (yes, I’m serious).

To make simple syrup, boil equal parts granulated sugar and water together until the sugar dissolves, then let it cool before brushing it onto your cake. Use a pastry brush. You can flavor the syrup, too. When the simple syrup comes off the stove, stir in a touch of vanilla extract, prepared coffee, lemon juice, Amaretto, or other liqueur. Let it cool before using. You could even place some vanilla bean, lemon peel, or culinary lavender in the cooling syrup. Once cool, strain out the chunks/add-ins using a fine mesh sieve.

It’s a very thin layer of syrup, so it won’t make your cake too sweet.

2 images of brushing lavender simple syrup on cake

9. Don’t Double the Recipe

For absolute BEST taste and texture, never double a cake recipe. Make the batter twice instead. Doubling the recipe risks over-creaming (tip #3), over-mixing (tip #6), or under-mixing. And the baking powder and/or soda may not completely distribute which could leave bitter aftertastes in sections of the cake.

Only work with the amount of batter the recipe instructs. When I need extra cake batter, I make the batter twice– separately.

Pound cake batter in mixing bowl

More Baking Tips

I have more lessons for you!

Reader Questions and Reviews

  1. Hi. I tried making vanilla sponge cake for 5 times now. Tried different recipes but it always leave me a dense cake. It looks so lovely inside the oven puffing. But as soon as i open the oven door, it shrinks and the sponge becomes dense.☹️

  2. I made the lemon cake with lemon curd between the layers frosted with vanilla ermine frosting. The cake was very dry. I did double the recipe because I wanted a 9 inch cake. If I ever make it again I will not double the recipe. Can I use oil in the batter? If so how much?

    1. Hi Betty, it really depends on the recipe. For best results, we recommend following the recipes as written, otherwise the change from butter to oil will result in a different taste and texture.

    1. Buttermilk powder works in place of buttermilk in a pinch!

  3. Hello, have been into baking for several months now but i have an issue with moist cakes at times they are very dry outside while cooling down before decoration. what might i be going wrong kindly?

    1. Hi Priska, Your cakes may simply be over-baked. Removing them even a minute or two earlier next time can make a difference.

  4. I am at 9000 altitude. My cakes are always dry . What should I do to get a really moist dense cake?

    1. Why does my lemon pound cake come out too dry I’ve used oil butter room temperature what am I doing wrong ?

      1. Hi April, A lemon pound cake this should be pretty dense, but not dry! It could simply be a little over-baked. An easy fix for next time is to check it a few minutes earlier. Also be sure to measure your ingredients properly (spoon and level the flour – not scoop!).

  5. I’m using your layer funfetti cake recipe but I keep getting a dense cake. I do sub almond milk buttermilk (made with vinegar) because I need to keep it dairy free. Could that be the problem? What do I need to do to make this fluffy???

    1. Hi Kristi, Soured almond milk shouldn’t be a problem in the funfetti cake! Over-mixing is often the cause for dense cakes. Also, make sure everything is at room temperature!

  6. I’m super excited that I read every detail on this post. I’m looking forward to learning more as I go through your blog and improve on my baking skills. I’ve watched a number of videos were by cakes are put in a refrigerator or freezer during frosting more than once. I would love to know if the cakes remain as fluffy as the ones which have not gone through several times of refrigeration. I only put mine once after the crumb coat. Thank you.

    1. Hi Sarah! Storing cakes in the fridge can definitely dry them out. If you’re just popping them in the fridge for, say, half an hour at a time to help frosting set, that’s less of a worry. If you have to make cakes ahead of time, we always recommend freezing the layers. Hope this helps!

  7. Ok, I’m going to try your hints! I’ve tried 2- 2 layer cakes and about 4 dozen cupcakes since school has been out when we go to the lake swimming with friends. They have only been choke/ cough worthy. Looking forward to a moister cake this time.

  8. When you talk about adding a bit of oil or a bit of sour cream are you still adding the same amount of butter and milk or are you reducing those ingredients to add the others?

    1. Hi Stephanie, This is in addition to the milk and/or butter that is already there. A lot of our recipes already have this adjustment, but if you try a different recipe as written and feel it needs it, then the next time you try it you can try adding one of these extra ingredients. Hope this helps!

  9. Should all the ingredients you add to your batter be room temperature? Ie: milk, eggs etc ?

    1. For best results, yes. (Unless a recipe specifically calls for a cold ingredient to stay cold.)

  10. Thanks for the tips! Any non dairy recommendations for substituting sour cream? I would love to try your yellow cupcakes but can’t eat the sour cream.

    1. Hi Amy, we haven’t tested it this way, but you would try a dairy-free yogurt or sour cream alternative. We’re unsure of the results, but let us know if you give it a try!

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