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Flaky, buttery croissant bread requires time, precision, and patience, but is a very rewarding baking project that will make your kitchen smell like a French boulangerie. (And is there any better smell than fresh bread?) I know making homemade pastry can seem intimidating, but I thoroughly break down the process for you, step by step, in the tutorial below. Any home baker—like me or you—can accomplish this.

sliced croissant loaf on wooden cutting board with strawberries placed next to it

What is Croissant Bread?

Croissant bread is exactly what it sounds like: croissant dough baked as bread. My inspiration for this recipe was this croissant loaf on Food52, but I used a scaled-down version of my own homemade croissants dough to produce just 1 loaf. Though I can’t promise how long your loaf will last… it doesn’t last long in my house! The other difference in my croissant bread recipe is we’re going to roll up the dough first, and then cut into rolls, instead of cutting strips and individually rolling them.

The result is an impressive loaf version of everyone’s favorite yeasted pastry, which smells and tastes like a croissant, but slices like bread. Incredible on its own, but try it as a grilled cheese, BLT, toasted with jam, or in your favorite strata recipe or French toast casserole!

Croissant Bread Details

  • Texture: The texture of this croissant bread is melt-in-your-mouth soft and tender, with a crispy, flaky crust. Because it’s baked as bread in a loaf pan, it’s not quite as layered and crust-shattery (technical terms) as croissants, but it’s still very airy.
  • Flavor: Blissfully buttery and slightly sweet—just try to keep your eyes from closing when you taste this, I’m not sure it’s possible!
  • Ease: The great news is that making croissant bread is easier than making individual croissants. It requires no special ingredients, but it does require 3 rounds of 20-minute refrigerations and 2 rises. For these reasons, I categorize this as an advanced baking recipe. But I’m here to walk you through each step. You can absolutely make this!
  • Time: Plan for this recipe to take just under 6 hours, plus some cooling time, which is considerably shorter than 12+ hours for my individual croissants. There’s resting time between most steps, which means most of the time is hands off. To develop all those flaky pastry layers, croissant dough needs to rest in the refrigerator often. It likes to nap, if you will.
layered golden brown croissant bread on wire rack
two croissant bread slices

Only 7 Ingredients Total

You need just 6 simple ingredients for the croissant bread dough: flour, butter, salt, yeast, milk, and sugar. The 7th ingredient is an egg to make an egg wash for brushing over the top to get that glossy golden sheen on the top of the loafmuch like pie crust and stromboli.

photo of individual ingredients including milk, yeast, salt, flour, butter, and sugar

What is Laminated Dough?

Laminating dough is the process of folding butter into dough many times, which creates multiple alternating layers of butter and dough. (Similar to how we make biscuits and rough puff pastry, though today’s dough includes yeast.) When the laminated dough bakes, the butter melts and creates steam. This steam lifts the layers apart, giving us dozens of flaky, airy, buttery layers.

In my regular croissants and chocolate croissants recipes, we mix butter and flour together to make a butter block. With today’s croissant bread recipe, however, we’re lining pieces of butter down the dough so there’s no compact butter block needed.

4 Tips for Laminating This Dough
  1. It’s OK if there are air bubbles in the dough; your rolling pin will pop them.
  2. If the dough tears and butter is exposed, just sprinkle the exposed butter with flour.
  3. If the dough is impossible to roll, try flipping it over. If it’s still impossible to roll, cover and let it rest for 5 minutes before trying again, to let the gluten relax.
  4. There are 3 rounds of 20-minute refrigerations. Do NOT extend these times because the yeasted dough will puff up too much. The timer is your friend here!

Video & Photos: How to Make Croissant Bread

The full printable recipe is below, but this recipe involves quite a few steps, so I’m going to walk you through it with step-by-step photos. I’m leaving out photos of preparing the dough because you can see it come together in the video tutorial.

Here is the dough after the 1st rise and then after you punch it down:

dough pictured in glass bowl after 1st rise and pictured after punching down

Now it’s time to flatten the dough and prepare it for lamination. Gently flatten the dough out into a 10×14-inch (25x35cm) rectangle using lightly floured hands to carefully stretch the dough. I recommend flattening it right onto a nonstick surface so you can literally pick it all up without the dough losing shape. Refrigerate this flattened dough for 20 minutes:

rolled out croissant bread dough on lined baking sheet

After 20 minutes in the refrigerator, the dough is about as pliable as the butter. Line the butter down the center third of the dough as pictured:

butter covering center of rolled out dough

1st lamination: Fold one side over the butter:

folding dough over butter

Fold the other side over that, like you would fold a business letter:

dough folded up on silicone baking mat lined baking sheet

Rotate the dough so the long edge is facing you:

dough folded up on silicone baking mat lined baking sheet with rolling pin nearby

Roll out into a 9×12-inch (23x30cm) rectangle. You can see the butter hiding in there:

rolled out laminated dough on lined baking sheet

Fold up like a business letter, cover, and then chill for 20 minutes:

dough folded up on silicone baking mat lined baking sheet

2nd & 3rd lamination: After refrigerating, repeat lamination process above 2x with no dough chilling between eachrotate dough, roll out, fold like business letter, rotate dough, roll out, fold like a business letter. And then chill 1 last time for 20 minutes.

Final lamination: After that final refrigeration, repeat lamination 1x. Then roll out the dough into a 9×12-inch (23x30cm) rectangle for the last time:

rolled out laminated dough on lined baking sheet

Roll it up like a jelly roll cake or cinnamon rolls dough, starting from the shorter end:

rolling up dough into a loaf

Slice into 5 thick rolls. Look at all those layers!

laminated croissant dough rolled up and sliced

Arrange in a greased loaf pan, cover, and let rise until puffy. Then brush with egg wash before baking:

rolled and sliced dough in loaf pan pictured before and after rising
baked croissant bread in loaf pan with berries in background
sliced croissant bread on wooden cutting board

No Two Loaves Look the Same

Keep in mind that your loaf may look exactly like or slightly different from these photos. Despite following the exact same recipe and directions, some of my test loaves looked more airy, or less flaky, or more layered. You can see the variety in these photos. So don’t be discouraged if yours looks different… just wait until you TASTE it!

See Your Croissant Bread!

Many readers tried this recipe as part of a baking challenge! Feel free to email or share your recipe photos with us on social media. 🙂

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two croissant bread slices

Croissant Bread (Loaf)

  • Author: Sally
  • Prep Time: 4 hours, 45 minutes
  • Cook Time: 1 hour
  • Total Time: 6 hours, 30 minutes (includes cooling)
  • Yield: 1 loaf 1x
  • Category: Bread
  • Method: Baking
  • Cuisine: French

Description

Bakers of any skill level can use this thoroughly detailed recipe to make a beautifully flaky and golden brown loaf of homemade croissant bread. There are 3 rounds of 20-minute refrigerations. Do not break up the lamination steps and do not extend the refrigeration times because the dough will begin to over-expand.


Ingredients

Scale

Dough

  • 1 cup (240ml) whole milk, warmed to about 110°F (43°C)
  • 2 and 1/4 teaspoons (7ginstant or active dry yeast (1 standard packet, see Notes)
  • 3 Tablespoons (38g) granulated sugar
  • 1 and 1/4 teaspoons salt
  • 3 Tablespoons (43g) unsalted or salted butter, softened to room temperature and cut into 3 equal pieces
  • 3 cups (375g) all-purpose flour (spoon & leveled), plus more as needed and for lamination

Lamination

  • 3/4 cup (1.5 sticks; 170g) salted butter, slightly softened (see Notes)

Egg Wash

  • 1 large egg, cold or room temperature
  • 1 Tablespoon (15ml) water

Specialty Tools


Instructions

  1. Preliminary notes: Watch the video tutorial and use the step-by-step photos before you begin. Read the recipe instructions and notes before beginning. Make room in the refrigerator for your half baking sheet for steps 6–9.
  2. Prepare the dough: In a large ungreased mixing bowl, whisk the warm milk, yeast, and sugar together in the bowl of your stand mixer fitted with a dough hook attachment. Cover and allow mixture to sit for about 5 minutes or until foamy on top. *If you do not own a mixer, you can do this in a large mixing bowl and in the next step, mix the dough together with a large wooden spoon/rubber spatula. A hand mixer works, but the sticky dough repeatedly gets stuck in the beaters. Mixing by hand with a wooden spoon or rubber spatula is a better choice.*
  3. Add the salt, butter, and 2 cups (250g) of flour. Beat on medium speed for 2 minutes, stopping and scraping down the bowl as needed to help the mixture combine. There may still be chunks of butter– that’s ok. Add remaining flour, scrape down the bowl as needed, and beat on low speed until a soft dough forms and pulls away from the sides of the bowl. Dough will be very soft, but not overly sticky. Beat in 2–3 more Tablespoons of flour if dough seems very sticky. Avoid adding more flour than you need.
  4. Knead the dough: Keep the dough in the mixer and beat on low speed for an additional 3 minutes, or knead by hand on a lightly floured surface for 3 minutes.
  5. 1st rise: Lightly grease a large bowl with oil or use nonstick spray. Place the dough in the bowl, turning it to coat all sides of the dough in the oil. Cover the bowl with aluminum foil, plastic wrap, or a clean kitchen towel. Allow the dough to rise in a relatively warm environment for 1.5–2 hours or until nearly double in size. (For a tiny reduction in rise time, see my answer to Where Should Dough Rise? in my Baking with Yeast Guide.)
  6. Flatten dough: Punch down the dough to release the air. Place dough on a silicone baking mat-lined, parchment paper-lined, or lightly floured baking sheet. (I highly recommend a silicone baking mat because you can roll the dough out in the next steps directly on top and it won’t slide all over the counter.) Gently flatten the dough out into a 10×14-inch (25x35cm) rectangle using lightly floured hands to carefully stretch, but not tear, the dough. Lightly cover and place the entire baking sheet in the refrigerator, and allow the covered dough to rest and chill for 20 minutes. Do not extend this time.
  7. Meanwhile, prepare for lamination: Cut the salted butter into 1/4-inch thick slices and, as explained in the recipe note below, make sure the butter is not overly soft. It’s important to note the following 4 tips before you begin laminating in steps 8, 9, & 10: (1) It’s OK if there are air bubbles in the dough because your rolling pin will pop them. (2) If the dough tears and butter is exposed, just sprinkle the exposed butter with flour. (3) If the dough is impossible to roll, try flipping it over. If it’s still impossible to roll, cover and let it rest for 5 minutes before trying again, to let the gluten relax. And (4) Do not extend the refrigeration times, because the folded dough will begin to over-expand. 
  8. 1st lamination: Remove dough from the refrigerator and set baking sheet aside. I like to keep the dough on the silicone baking mat when I’m rolling it because the mat is nonstick. Working with the longer (14-inch) edge in front of you, line butter down the center of the dough, covering the center third of the dough. Fold one dough edge over on top of butter, and fold other edge on top of that (like folding a business letter). Pinch/seal the two short ends to enclose butter inside. Rotate dough so the long edge is horizontally in front of you. Lightly flour the top of the folded dough and, using a lightly floured rolling pin, roll out to a 9×12-inch (23x30cm) rectangle. Fold dough edges over on top like folding a business letter. Cover dough, place back on baking sheet, and refrigerate 20 minutes. Do not extend this time.
  9. 2nd & 3rd laminations: Remove dough from the refrigerator and set baking sheet aside. Rotate dough so the long edge is horizontally in front of you. Lightly flour the top of the folded dough and, using a lightly floured rolling pin, roll out to a 9×12-inch rectangle. Fold dough edges over on top like folding a business letter. Rotate dough horizontally and repeat rolling out to 9×12 inches and folding like a business letter. Cover dough, place back on baking sheet, and refrigerate 20 minutes. Do not extend this time. 
  10. Final lamination & shaping: Remove dough from the refrigerator and set baking sheet aside. Rotate dough so the long edge is horizontally in front of you. Lightly flour the top of the folded dough and using a lightly floured rolling pin, roll out to a 9×12-inch rectangle. Fold dough edges over on top like folding a business letter. For the last time, rotate horizontally and roll out to 9×12 inches. Working from a 9-inch side, roll dough up like you would roll up a jelly roll cake or cinnamon rolls. Place 9-inch log on a cutting board and cut into 5 even rolls (just eyeball it, they don’t need to be perfectly even).
  11. 2nd rise: Grease a 9×5-inch (23x13cm) loaf pan. Place rolls, seam side down, in loaf pan. Cover tightly and allow to rise until slightly puffy, about 45–60 minutes.
  12. Preheat the oven to 350°F (177°C).
  13. Whisk egg wash ingredients together. Generously brush risen rolls/loaf with egg wash. Bake loaf for 1 hour until golden brown on top, loosely tenting with aluminum foil after 25 minutes to prevent the top from over-browning before the center can cook. For an accurate test of doneness, the bread is done when an instant-read thermometer reads the center of the loaf as 195°F (90°C). (Tip: Keep in mind that the bread will continue to cook for a few minutes as it cools.)
  14. Remove from the oven and place loaf pan on a wire rack. Cool for 30 minutes in the loaf pan. Run a knife around the edges of the pan to release the bread, and then remove bread from loaf pan and cool at least 15 more minutes directly on a wire rack before slicing and serving. (Bread tends to fall apart when sliced warm.) Bread may slightly deflate as it cools.
  15. Storing & freezing baked bread: Cover and store leftover croissant bread covered at room temperature for up to 3 days or in the refrigerator for up to 1 week. You can also freeze it for up to 3 months and then thaw on the counter or overnight in the refrigerator. Warm up to your liking.

Notes

  1. Overnight Dough Instructions: After step 10, cover the shaped rolls in the loaf pan tightly and refrigerate for up to about 15 hours. At least 3 hours before you need the bread the next day, remove from the refrigerator, keep covered, and allow to rise on the counter for about 1–2 hours before baking. Alternatively, you can let the dough have its 1st rise (step 5) in the refrigerator overnight. Cover the dough tightly and place in the refrigerator for up to 12 hours. Remove from the refrigerator and allow the dough to fully rise for 2 more hours. Continue with step 6.
  2. Freezing Dough Instructions: The best way to successfully freeze and thaw this dough is after step 10. (Freezing/thawing before makes lamination difficult.) Cover and freeze shaped dough loaf (after step 10) for up to 3 months. Thaw in the refrigerator at least 3 hours before you need the bread, remove from the refrigerator, keep covered, and allow to rise on the counter for about 1–2 hours before baking. 
  3. Milk: Whole milk is ideal, but you can swap a lower-fat or non-dairy milk. Avoid nonfat milk.
  4. Yeast: You can use active dry or instant yeast in this recipe. Follow all of the same instructions. If using active dry yeast, the rise times are usually *slightly* longer, but not much. Reference my Baking with Yeast Guide for answers to common yeast FAQs.
  5. Butter: You can use either unsalted or salted butter in the dough, but be sure to use salted butter in the lamination step. The butter in the dough can be softened to room temperature, even overly softened is fine. However, the butter for the lamination does require your attention. It’s important to make sure your lamination butter is not too cold/hard and you don’t want it too greasy/soft either, because it needs to be about as pliable as the dough to incorporate into it. Sometimes I use a cooking thermometer just to check what temperature my butter and dough are for the lamination step, and it’s ideal they both register *around* 60°F (15°C). Being about the same temperature helps the butter and the dough laminate easily.
  6. Can I Halve or Double This Recipe? No. Follow the dough recipe precisely as written. If 1 loaf is too much, freeze any extras. If you want 2 loaves, make the dough 2x separately.
  7. Can I Add a Filling? I tried jam and cinnamon sugar (1/4 teaspoon cinnamon with 2 Tbsp granulated sugar). The only one that worked fairly well was the cinnamon sugar. Anything wet like jam will create too much moisture and the bottom of the loaf doesn’t bake very well. Plus, you need quite a lot to really taste it, which makes rolling up the dough fairly messy and difficult. You can absolutely try adding something dry like the cinnamon sugar, chopped nuts, or even chocolate chips! Spread a thin layer on the dough before rolling it up into a log in step 10.

Keywords: Croissant Bread

Reader Questions and Reviews

  1. Please HELP!! I was so excited to try this recipe, I read the instructions multiple times, quadruple checked my measurements, watched the video 4 times and to no avail!! No exaggerations.

    I made this bread TWICE in one day, and it turned out awful each time! It was so dense and buttermilk biscuit like, no layers to be seen, but had SO many layers before putting it in the oven?!! It also had no taste??
    I followed everything to a T. I even made the two batches at different times of the day, one in the evening, so the room wouldn’t be too warm to melt the butter, but it still softens too much??

    I was SO careful with laminating, letting it sit in the refrigerator for 20 minutes, not a minute more. PLEASE tell me what I did wrong???

    1. Hi Emily! Were you preparing the dough on a particularly hot or humid day? In our testing, the loaves that lost their layers during baking were the ones where the butter got too warm in lamination. Also, if you ever try the recipe again – see if you can go easier on the flour during the lamination steps. It’s possible there was just too much and it worked itself into the dough producing a denser texture.

  2. I made this recipe with my 9-year-old grandson. It was a fun and educational project: measuring using a scale for accuracy; how yeast works through all phases; what “lamination” means; the importance of temperature; and most importantly, patience! We were rewarded with a beautiful and tasty bread. It was a delightful way to spend time with a grandchild and to nurture his curiosity and nascent cooking interest. I’ve yet to have a Sally recipe fail when I follow all the directions (and this one was complicated) – thanks to clear instructions, photos, and the team’s recipe testing efforts.

  3. This was the bestest, most complicated, most elaborate, most monumental FAIL I’ve ever had baking. I followed the recipe and video exactly and I ended up with crumby dense bread that was worthless. This the second of two FAILs from this website.

    1. Wow! I’ve only recently started baking with yeast and tried this recipe twice. It came out sinfully delicious both times. So, was your yeast stale or did you not knead it enough? I’d try again with new yeast and knead more.

  4. I made this thru step 10 on a Saturday and finished it Sunday morning. I did exactly what the recipe and video said to do and it was perfect!!
    I took a quick picture after I pulled it out the oven and left for work. When I came home , all I had was a plate of crumbs ( teenagers lol). I’d call it a success. I can’t wait to make it again with cinnamon and sugar.

  5. I made this for the first time today. It came out really well although I thought the dough was too wet and sticky. It looked great in the pan when I pulled it out. Unfortunately, when I went to get it out of the pan, the bottom stuck and some of it was left in the pan, I got it out and sort of put the loaf back together. My wife pronounced it A+ despite that mishap. I thought I had greased the pan pretty well with butter. Next time, should I put parchment paper on the bottom of the pan? Or use oil instead of butter to grease the pan?

    I’ll be making it again in a week to share with friends.

    1. Hi Pat! We always grease our pans with non stick spray (like Pam) and have never had any issues that way. Glad you enjoyed it!

      1. PAM did the trick Came out perfectly in all ways. Thanks for being so responsive.

  6. Hello! I’m planning on making this but I heard that to better stand up to lamination, I should use bread flour. Can I use this recipes, same measurements but using bread flour instead of AP?

    1. Hi Hunter, yes, you can use the same amount of bread flour. Your loaf will be a bit chewier.

  7. I’m confused with step 14. When do I loosely cover the loaf with aluminum foil? After 25 minutes it’s been in the oven or right after it gets taken out of the oven??

    1. Hi Betty, after the loaf has been in the oven for 25 minutes, loosely cover with aluminum foil to prevent too much browning. Then return to the oven to finish baking.

  8. Delicious! Easy to follow directions and my bread turned out fabulous! It’s got a great crust and the bread is soft and buttery. I feel like a true baker now that I’ve done lamination! Thank you.

  9. Just made this a second time (yes a week later!) and it is even BETTER! I think because I had a better handle on the steps and the dough it was easier to make. This loaf though is STUNNING! SOOOO flaky and buttery. Wish I could share a photo.

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